After all, the paper will be submitted after all of the work is completed. Note that the first part of the sentence refers to the results; hence the past tense has been used for this part.
A summary is a brief restatement of preceding text that is intended to orient a reader who has studied the preceding text.
Nowhere in the definition is there any reference to the state of being incorrect or more scattered. Subjectivity refers to feelings, opinions, etc.
I grew up speaking and reading English the American version, that is. It tends to move toward the compartment with lower concentration because the probability of a sodium ion moving through a channel on the more concentrated side of the membrane exceeds the probability that an ion will move through a channel on the less concentrated side.
The description of findings [results] and the interpretation of their significance [discussion] should be distinct sections of your paper.
Obviously, this doesn't go over too well with the grader.
The strain was maintained on malt extract-yeast extract MY agar as described by Tanaka and Kanbe Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section.
Try to offer alternative explanations if reasonable alternatives exist.
It is not to be a step by step description of everything you did, nor is a methods section a set of instructions. The quantitative estimation of labelling, which represented the average number of gold particles per mm2, indicated the labelling over the nuclear NLBs to be twice as strong as that over the loosened chromatin, and four times as strong as that over the condensed chromatin Table 2.
Although the distribution histogram of gold particles over the nuclear NLBs showed that labelling varied from 40 to particles mm-2, most of that fell in the range of 80 - 90 particles mm-2 Fig. Include the name s and address es of all authors, and date submitted. Choosing the right Verb Tense.
Summarize the study, including the following elements in any abstract. In statistics, the word refers to an asymmetric distribution of data.
Be prepared to interpret whatever you find, regardless of what you think you should find. For additional information about how to write a strong research paper, make sure to check out our full research writing series. A Sociology Writer's Guide. Use present tense to interpret and talk about significance of findings.
Describe the importance significance of the study - why was this worth doing in the first place. Try A likely explanation for the finding. Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper.
There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be avoided. Always write the discussion for the reader; remember that the focus should be to help the How to Write an Effective Discussion.
What this handout is about. These three verb tenses account for approximately 80% of the verb tense use in academic writing. This handout will help you understand how present simple, past simple, and present perfect verb tenses are used in academic writing.
Verb tense Use of the wrong verb tense, at best, is irritating to read and reflects poorly on the student's writing skills.
At worst, the reader can be confused as to what facts are already known and what was newly discovered in the actual study that is the subject of the paper.
The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration. In this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining any links and correlations apparent in your data.
If you left few interesting leads and open questions in the results section, the discussion is simply a matter of. A typical research paper follows the IMRaD format, and how frequently a given tense is used varies with the section of the paper: the introduction, for example, uses a mix of the present tense and.Discussion research paper tense